Deutsche Seiten  
 Home  Preservation  Information  Foundation  Projects  Exhibit *  Database  Galleries  Links  Shark Info 
 * Search   Distribution   Phylogenetic Tree   Orders   Red List   Endangered Sharks  Sitemap  Sitemap 

 Sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus)

  Index
> Photo
> Range Map
> Systematics
> Name
> Appearance
> Coloration
> Distribution
> Biology
> Feeding
> Size
> Reproduction
> Similar Species
> Endangerment
> Danger to Humans

 Photo

Sandbar shark
© Doug Perrine / SeaPics
 Range Map

Earth Map


 Systematics

Phylum: Vertebates (Chordata)

Class: Carlilagenous Fishes (Chondrichthyes)
  Order: Ground sharks (Carcharhiniformes)
    Family: Requiem sharks (Carcharhinidae)
      Genus: Carcharhinus (Carcharhinus)


 Name

Scientific: Carcharhinus plumbeus
German: Sandbankhai, Grossflossenhai, Atlantischer Braunhai
English: Sandbar shark, Thickskin shark
French: Requin gris
Spanish: Tiburón trozo


 Appearance

Medium-sized requiem shark. Round snout. First dorsal fin prominent, very high, with a rounded apex. Origin over or slightly anterior to pectoral insertions (ends). Second dorsal fin moderately high as well (2.1 to 3.5% of total body length). Origin over or slightly anterior to anal fin origin. Large pectoral fins, semi-falcate with narrowly rounded or pointed apices. Interdorsal ridge is present.

 Coloration

Grey-brown upper body, white ventral surface. Tips and posterior edges of fins can be dusky colored but no conspicuous markings.

 Distribution

Western Atlantic: Massachusetts to Florida. Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Venezuela, southern Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean, Portugal, Canary Islands, Morocco, Senegal, Cape Verde Islands, Gulf of Guinea, Zaire. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania, Mauritius, Seychelles, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman. Western Pacific: Vietnam, China, Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Australia, New Caledonia. Central Pacific: Hawaiian Island. Eastern Pacific: Galapagos and Revillagigedo Islands.

 Biology

Abundant. Lives inshore and offshore, over continental and insular shelves. Common in harbours, inside shallow muddy and sandy bays. Depths range from surface (intertidal zone) down to approximately 280 m. Most live close to the bottom.

 Feeding

Small bottom fishes and, to a much lesser extent, crustaceans and molluscs.

 Size

Maximum size about 300 cm, average size between 200 and 250 cm.

 Reproduction

Viviparous, with yolksac-placenta. 1 to 14 pups per litter. Gestation period estimated between 8 and 12 months (seems to vary with location). Size at birth between 56 and 75 cm. Males reach maturity with a minimum of approximately 30 cm, females with a minimum of approximately 145 cm.

 Similar Species

Similar species exist but the prominent first dorsal fin makes this species easy to recognise.

 Endangerment

Status in the IUCN Red List(1994):

Main criterion: > LR/nt (Low Risk/Near Threatened (1994))
Sub criterion:
Trend: Unknown


 Danger to Humans

Harmless.



 ^  Top |  Home  Preservation  Information  Foundation  Projects  Exhibit *  Database  Galleries  Links  Shark Info 
© 2017 - 2017 Shark Foundation / Hai-Stiftung Last updated: 16/06/04 20:13 / Webmaster